Going to the dark web is not a very complicated operation, although it can take time to find the hidden sites that interest us. VPN, Tor, .onion address directories, we give you the basics to start your dark web experience.
The dark web is the source of many fantasies. It must be said that it gives access to a hidden part of the internet which is not available from current tools, which contributes to making it mysterious and to nourishing more or less truthful beliefs about it. We often talk about it badly, in the context of illegal activities. But it’s actually more than that .
What is the dark web, is it dangerous and how to get there: these are some of the questions we will answer in this article.
WHAT IS THE DARK WEB?
Do you feel like you have access to everything that is possible once you open a web browser and go to a search engine? Well know that only scratch the surface. It is estimated that less than 10% of the web is open, while everything else is hidden. This visible part of the Internet is called the web surface , and is made up of websites that anyone can access: online press, social networks, public sites … in short, everything that is available via a simple request on Google, Qwant, DuckDuckGo (the 2nd most popular search engine on Android after Google) or any search engine.
Finally, the last layer is the one that interests us more particularly here: the dark web . This represents a small portion of the deep web, but has its own specificities. It is more difficult to access it, because unlike the deep web, you need a special browser to go to a site hidden in the dark web. The best known is undoubtedly Tor. Dark web page URLs can change from time to time to escape surveillance, and are very different from the URLs we are used to dealing with. They are generally composed of a mixture of letters and numbers generated randomly, with at the end a different suffix from the traditional .fr, .com, .net or .org to which we are accustomed. On Tor, sites end with .onion for example.
To simply symbolize and synthesize what these three components of the web represent, we generally use the metaphor of the iceberg. The web surface is the tip of the iceberg, while the deep web is the tip of the iceberg. The dark web is the deepest area of this submerged part. In the same vein, Tor is actually the abbreviation of The Onion Router , referring to the different layers that the web can have, like an onion.
WHY GO TO THE DARK WEB?
Due to the lack of control and the possibility of browsing anonymously , the dark web necessarily hosts many illegal activities. But it is also used by political dissidents or persecuted populations in order to exchange without fear of being identified. The dark web protects against surveillance measures put in place by governments, which makes it popular in countries where individuals are targeted for their political ideas, their sexual orientation, their religion …
IS THE DARK WEB ILLEGAL?
You are not risking anything by going to the dark web or using Tor under the law, it is completely legal to use both. Of course, you will be subject to local law if you decide to break the law and engage in illegal activity on the dark web, just as you would be on the web surface. So it all depends on how you use it, but in itself, you can definitely go to the dark web.
SHOULD YOU USE A VPN TO GO TO THE DARK WEB?
Il n’y aucun besoin d’utiliser un VPN pour pouvoir se rendre sur le dark web. Par contre, sachez qu’utiliser Tor et aller le dark web ne rend absolument pas votre navigation anonyme, il peut être facile de retrouver votre adresse IP et de remonter jusqu’à vous. En utilisant un VPN, vous pouvez empêcher votre FAI ou une agence gouvernementale de vous tracer et même de savoir que vous utilisez Tor. Ce dernier se “contente”